More than 30% of the population of industrialized countries has access to broadband communication channels, while in most developing countries, high-speed Internet access services are not actually provided or are so luxurious that they are almost unreachable to private and corporate users. Developing countries have about 1% of all broadband subscribers.
Due to the insignificant spread of broadband access networks in developing countries, their socio-economic benefits have hardly been studied. Nevertheless, according to preliminary estimates, the introduction of high-speed communication channels will provide such states with a wide range of opportunities, including GDP growth, increased competitiveness and attraction of foreign investment.
Economic conditions use to be similar in most developing countries, and omnipresent broadband will be extremely helpful there. For example, the bulk of the population in such countries, and therefore small and medium-sized businesses, are located outside of large cities. The development of broadband networks in suburban areas will create new jobs, increase profitability and labor productivity, and generate additional profit from the non-agricultural sector of the economy, while increasing the profitability of agricultural enterprises. With access to new technologies, rural residents will be able to better prepare for a possible move to the city or, conversely, change their minds to change their place of residence.
The growth of unifi internet high-speed networks will assist entice entrepreneurs and citizens from agrarian or hard-to-reach parts to the development of the national economy and offer the state with new opportunities for the expansion of infrastructure (transport networks, medical and educational institutions) in rural areas. The deployment of broadband networks in out-of-city areas contributes to the development of an interactive form of communication between the authorities and society – e-government. And students even from remote villages will have access to educational resources from which they will learn about the technologies necessary for a successful life in the 21st century.
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